Jaipur, also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, the city today has a population of more than 3.1 million.
Jaipur is one of the finest planned cities of India, located in the semi-desert lands of Rajasthan. The city which once had been the capital of the royalty now is the capital city of Rajasthan. The very structure of Jaipur resembles the taste of the Rajputs and the Royal families. At present, Jaipur is a major business centre with all requisites of a metropolitan city.
Jaipur has some of the most famous areas in India, such as Mansarovar, Vaishali Nagar, Sanganer, Jhotwada, Amba-Bari, Raja Park, and more.
The city is remarkable among pre-modern Indian cities for the width and regularity of its streets which are laid out into six sectors separated by broad streets 111 ft (34 m) wide. The urban quarters are further divided by networks of gridded streets. Five quarters wrap around the east, south, and west sides of a central palace quarter, with a sixth quarter immediately to the east. The Palace quarter encloses a sprawling palace complex, (Hawa Mahal), formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort, which was the residence of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, crowns the hill in the northwest corner of the old city. The observatory, Jantar Mantar, is one of the World Heritage Sites. Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in Rajasthan and India.
Jaipur has a number of forts and monuments like Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, City Palace, Jantar Mantar, Jal Mahal, Rambagh Palace, Central Museum, Albert Hall Museum. The Pink City is also the capital of Rajasthan, India. It is a major attraction for the first-time visitor. Jaipur is surrounded on all sides by rugged hills, crowned with forts, and enclosed by battlement walls. Houses with latticed windows line the streets with their rose pink color, lending enchantment to the scene, which is almost magical at sunset.
The landscape of Jaipur is dotted with numerous temples and religious places. One can find temples on almost every street. It is because of the numerous temples and religiosity among people that it is sometimes also known as Chhoti Kashi. Some of the famous temples in Jaipur include Govind Dev Ji Temple, Galtaji, Shri Kali Temple, Sanganeri Gate, Jaipur (Lakshmi Narayan Mandir, commonly known as Birla) Temple, Garh Ganesh Temple, Shila Devi Temple in Amber, Tadkeshwara Mahadev, Panchayati Hall, and Radha Govind Ji Temple. The All Saint's Church near Mirza Ismail Road built more than 130 years ago by the rulers of Jaipur for the smallChristian population is an excellent example of the high quality of workmanship during that period.
The city is dotted with beautiful gardens and parks. Prominent among them are Ram Niwas Garden, Sisodia Rani Garden and Palace, Vidyadhar Garden, Kanak Vrindavan, Central Park, Jawahar Circle Garden, Technology Park in Mansarover, and Vidyadhar ka Bagh in Goner.
Information based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaipur