Accra is the capital of Ghana. It is Ghana's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. The primary economic activities are financial and government services, communications, construction, transportation, and agriculture (particularly fishing). Over 70% of Ghana's manufacturing capacity is located within the capital area. Accra sits nears the Greenwich Meridian in the Accra Metropolitan Area, in the Greater Accra Region.
Accra was founded by the Ga people in the late 1600s. The word Accra is derived from the word Nkran, meaning ants, which is a reference to the numerous anthills seen in the countryside around Accra. During part of its history, Accra served as a center for trade with the Portuguese, who built a fort in the town, followed by the Swedish, Dutch, French, British, and Danish by the end of the seventeenth century.
The site of present-day Accra developed into a sizable town around the original Ga town as well as British, Danish, and Dutch forts and their surrounding communities: Jamestown near the British fort, Osu near the Danish Christianborg fort (now Osu Castle), and Ussherstown near the Dutch Ussher fort. The areas form the core of the modern city.
In 1877, at the end of the second Anglo-Asante War, Accra replaced Cape Coast as the capital of the British Gold Coast colony. After the completion of a railroad to the mining and agricultural interior, Accra became the economic center of Ghana. Large areas were destroyed by earthquakes in 1862 and 1939, but the city grew around a seaport (now relocated to Tema), and later a brewery, expanding into neighboring towns.
The Accra Riots in 1948 launched the Ghanaian campaign for independence, which led to the Ghana's independence from the United Kingdom and nationhood in 1957.
Today, Accra is one of the wealthiest and most modern cities in the African continent, with a high quality of living by African standards. Accra is also known as having some of the continent's most active night life.
Accra is home to the National Museum of Ghana, the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Archives of Ghana, and Ghana's central library. Also of note is Christianborg or Osu Castle -- the seat of government, built by the Danes in the 17th century, the National Theatre, Accra Centre for National Culture, a lighthouse, the National Sports Stadium, the W.E.B. DuBois Memorial Centre for Pan-African Culture and several beaches. Near the Parliament of Ghana is the Ghana-India Kofi Annan Centre for Excellence in ICT. The Kwame Nkrumah Memorial is located in downtown Accra.
Information based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accra