Bako National Park

Bako National Park, established in 1957, is the oldest national park in Sarawak, eastern Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It lies at the tip of the Muara Tebas Peninsula at the mouth of the Bako and Kuching Rivers. Millions of years of erosion of the sandstone have created a coastline of steep cliffs, rocky headlands, and stretches of white, sandy bays. Wave erosion at the base of the cliffs has carved many of the rocky headlands into fantastically shaped sea arches and seastacks with colored patterns formed by iron deposition. The park can only be reached by a 20-minute boat ride from Kampung Bako and is often visited as a day-trip from Kuching.

Bako is one of the smallest national parks in Sarawak, yet one of the most interesting, with its rainforest, abundant wildlife, jungle streams, waterfalls, interesting plant life, secluded beaches, and trekking trails. A well-maintained network of 16 color-coded walking trails, from easy forest strolls to full day jungle treks, allows visitors to get the most out of this unique environment. There can be very few places in the world with so much natural beauty in such a limited area, and its range of attractions and activities have made Bako one of the most popular parks in Sarawak.

Bako National Park contains almost every type of plant life found in Borneo, with over 25 distinct types of vegetation from seven complete ecosystems: beach vegetation, cliff vegetation, heath forest, mangrove forest, mixed dipterocarp forest, grasslands vegetation and peat swamp forest. The unusual plant life includes a variety of carnivorous plants, such as pitcher plants, sundews, and bladderworts as well as a huge variety of tree and other plant species.

Bako National Park is also home to approximately 150 endangered proboscis monkeys, which are endemic to Borneo. Other animals include long-tailed macaques, silver langurs, monitor lizards, plantain squirrels, Bornean bearded pigs, and otters. Bako also houses a number of lizards and snakes, and Bako is a fascinating place for bird watching, with over 150 species recorded. Bako National Park's nocturnal creatures include the flying lemur, the pangolin, the mouse deer, various species of fruit-eating and insect-eating bats, the tarsier, the slow loris, and the palm civet cat.

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