Manizales is a city and municipality in central Colombia, capital of the Department of Caldas and part of the region of Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis, near the Nevado del Ruiz volcano. Presently, the city is the main center for the production of Colombian coffee and an important hub for higher educational institutions.
Manizales was founded October 12, 1849, in the middle of a civil war between bipartisan followers; Liberals against Conservatives. The city was founded by a group of twenty antioquians (The Expedition of the 20), who came from Neira and Salamina. There is a strong Spanish influence in the culture and the population was very homogeneous, mostly whites, until other ethnic groups migrated to the city in search of the universities.
Information based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manizales